From short, thick frizzy hair to long, straight hair: there are many types of hair and curtain bangs suit for every hair type. It goes without saying; every hair type needs a treatment. Coloring, caring for, cutting, combing: to do everything according to the rules of the art, a broad knowledge of the structure of the hair is absolutely essential. Therefore, we love to keep you informed of all the details. And what about hair follicles, keratin and elasticity? They constitute fundamental principles.
The structure of the hair
Each hair is made up of two parts: the root of the hair that is under the skin and is not visible, and the shaft of the hair, the part that is visible above the surface of the skin. At the base of the root is the hair follicle, which contains the glands, nerves, and muscles – such as the muscle that pulls hair straight when you get goose bumps.
Hair contains a large part (approximately 91%) of proteins and amino acids. When the hair follicle creates new cells, these are sent to the rest of the hair through the connecting inner sheath. During this process the cells lose their nuclei and become harder because the keratin fiber forms a stratum corneum. Once a cell loses its nucleus, it dies. The hair that arises from the skin is nothing more than a “dead” fiber consisting of keratinized proteins.
The hair shaft is constructed of three layers:
- The outer layer (cuticle) contains flat cells that overlap, like shingles.
- The central layer (cortex) contains keratin fibers.
- The nucleus contains the medulla (marrow).
To keep hair healthy and shiny, it must be well cared for. Like the skin, the hair loses its shine if it does not receive enough nutrients. The health of the hair depends on the quality of the products with which it is cared for. Two ingredients are essential: protein and hydration. All of our care products contain both elements to strengthen hair.
As already explained, each hair contains protein fibers. Frequent use of shampoo, conditioner, coloring and other products can damage these fibers. The consequence is dull, broken hair. To maintain the structure and moisture content of the hair, it must be nourished with proteins.
1. Wheat protein
- Helps hair stay hydrated
- Gives volume
- Makes hair less porous
- Keeps it smooth
- It has a restorative function
2. Soy protein
- Cover the hair with a protective film
- Maintains hydration
- Add shine and volume
- Makes hair easy to style
3. Silk protein
- Prevents hair dehydration
- It is a good source of vegetable protein suitable for skin and hair
- Forms a protective layer
Sources of heat, such as a blow dryer, straightener or tweezers, dry out the hair. To prevent hair from drying out and to maintain its elasticity, moisturizing care products are needed.
Did you know that the condition of the hair says a lot about a person’s health? And that every day an average amount of fifty to one hundred hairs falls? Meet these general hair curiosities that are worth remembering!
The function of hair
Your hair protects you against external influences, particularly the cold.
When the muscles of the hair follicle contract, and the skin becomes “goose bumps”: the hair literally stands up.
Dull hair? It can be attributed to a lack of vitamins. Do you retain enough iron, protein, and Omega 3 fatty acids from your diet? Alopecia can also be a symptom of a disease.
Hair color reveals your age. A shame for premature gray hairs (a phenomenon many men face)
Thin or thick, a lot or a little
A hair is between 0.04 to 0.15 microns thick. Maybe it’s better to talk about fine hair, then.
Blondes have around 140,000 hairs, chestnuts have to make do with 110,000, and redheads only about 80,000.
Hair grows an average of one centimeter per month.
Hair loss is totally normal. Every day we lose from fifty to one hundred hairs. Especially in the fall and spring.
Each hair is unique
With frizzy hair, the hair follicle is located almost horizontally with respect to the cranial surface. And know about how to style curtain bangs with varied hair type.
With fine or wavy hair, the hair follicle lies obliquely to the cranial surface.
Thick and straight hair has a hair follicle in a totally vertical position.