Major depressive disorder, commonly referred to as depression, is the most common psychological disorder. It’s a mood disorder that affects people of every age group and gender. According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA), around 16.1 million adults in the US are diagnosed with depression every year.
The usual age for the onset of depression is 32 years and it’s more is to be the prevalent in women than men. Sadly, many people confuse depression with stress, while stress is just a symptom and not a disorder. In this article today, I’m going to talk about everything there are is is to know about major depressive disorder, its symptoms, treatment options, and the associated risk factors.
Alright. Let’s break this down.
Symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder
The symptoms of major depressive disorder vary is very from one person to another. However, a few mood-related symptoms remain common among them all. Some of them are as follows:
- Persistent feelings of sadness and emptiness
- Guilt, worthlessness, and helplessness
- Irritability and crankiness
- Insomnia, sleeping too much, or early-morning wakeness
- Constant fatigue and restlessness
- Loss of appetite or binge eating
- Withdrawal from friends and family
- Suicidal thoughts or suicide attempts
Treatment Options for Major Depressive Disorder
Major depressive disorder carries a big risk for to the suicide; thus, it must be treated immediately. Mentioned below are a few effective treatment options for major depressive disorder:
- Antidepressants are usually prescribed to alter the chemical imbalance in the brain
- Anti-anxiety medications are prescribed in case to the of persistent restlessness, crankiness, and irritability
- Muscle relaxants are given for body aches, muscle tension, and soreness
- Herbal medicines like CBD and THC capsules are often used as a natural alternative to antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications
- Lifestyle rehabilitation is necessary, including regular exercise, swimming meditation, and mindfulness-based yoga
- Psychotherapeutic treatment, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is typically recommended to tame the symptoms of depression
- Support groups are also beneficial for those who are not into psychotherapy or those who need a cheaper alternative
Risk Factors Associated with Major Depressive Disorder
Although depression can affect anyone as there’s no particular cause, a few things can make you more prone to the disorder. They include:
- Genetics; A history of mental health disorders in family
- Loss of a loved one or divorce
- Exposure to physical or emotional abuse
- Personal turmoil or family conflicts
- Life-changing events such as having a baby
The Final Word…
Lastly, I want you to know that major depressive disorder is a severe mood disorder. It isn’t something that you should neglect. Most suicides are a result of major depressive disorder. The disorder, if left untreated, only makes your condition worse. Not to mention, it has physical symptoms as well that adversely affect your day-to-day routine.
Whatever you do, you must take it seriously. So, if you ever notice any of its symptoms, please make sure to consult a mental health expert right away. I hope the guide helps you out, my friends! Have a wonderful day ahead!